[Egypt] National Security Council Meeting
Arab Republic of Egypt
- Jul 1, 2018
Cairo, early january 1995
It was a mild morning in Cairo, a typical sunny day in the millennium old capital city of Egypt, with its dusty streets, colorful merchants and chaotic traffic. Newly appointed President Mando Safar was busy with meetings regarding all kinds of matters of state, from setting up the guidelines for the new industrialization process, to the designing of public health and education programs and the preparation of the new foreign policy of neutrality. Today was a sensible issue on the agenda: national security.
The Middle Eastern region was never known for its stability and security. Uncountable skirmishes and bigger conflicts had happened since the end of World War II, involving Egypt and most of its neighbors. One of the most sensible situations involved the relation with Israel, but thanks to President Sadat and the intervention of the US as a mediator in the final years of the 70s, peace was finally settled with Tel-Aviv, and the Government of Safar was determined to make use of this link to contribute "pacifying" the eastern neighbors. Contacts have already been opened with Israel, and while a response was awaiting it was time to begin working on the egyptian "african" neighbors and potential threats.
The state of permanent crisis and unrest that Sudan has been living on for decades resulted not only in hundreds of thousands of refugees storming into egyptian territory, but also in occasional border skirmishes with Sudan’s warlords and bandits. Khartoum was clearly unable to do anything in this.
Ministry of Defence
President Safar's motorcade came to a halt at one of the side entry of the egyptian Ministry of Defence, a private meeting including only the President, the Minister of Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Director of the National Intelligence Agency, the Heads of the Army, Air Force and Navy and National Security Advisors were present to discuss the situation and propose potential courses of action.
After a brief introduction and welcome, President Safar would begin talking:
"Gentlemen, thank you for being all here present. I understand you all received the information paper explaining this administrations general point of view on the pending regional issues. The most urging one is the situation in Sudan...
Our southern neighbor has been at war for decades, with thousands of dead, injured and millions of displaced refugees. We do not believe this fragile "truce" signed on december 31st 1994 will hold or help improve the situation. On the contrary, it will only give more time to the Warlords to resupply themselves and bolster their forces before reinitiating their offensive against the helpless and useless Khartoum administration of the dictator Omar Al-Bashir.
It is redundant to say that the conflict has had, has and will have dire consequences for our nation. First of all, the hundreds of thousands of refugees that wander into egyptian territory, escaping from the civil war, put a heavy burden on the finances of the southern Governorates, and also affect the public health and welfare systems. They also affect the labor market. Not even speaking of the human rights violations they have endured and the scarring violence they survived. The situation has to eventually stop...
Second, we have the previously mentioned past incursions of bandits and warlords into egyptian territory, often pursuing women and children that crossed the border, in other cases even raiding egyptian farms and rural settlements for their food and supplies, being the local police forces helpless against them. We have reminded Khartoum of their border responsibilities in the past, but they seem to ignore us or simply don't have the means to do anything.
Third, and this is a key strategic issue for our future as a society and development: water security. We all know how dependent we are on the waters of the life giving Nile. We all also know that the river flows all the way down from Ethiopia, through Sudan, to finally reach us. The waters are accessible to almost anyone who wants them, and having criminal bands, warlords and a mad dictator controlling our access to drinking water is not very assuring. The waters also feed Aswan Dam, needless to say how the modification of the flow of water could destroy our entire economy.
Fourth and last... The already mentioned dictator of Sudan, Omar Al-Bashir. This corrupt former army official rose to power through scheming and a Coup d’état, and has clearly shown in his years in power that he has no intention to modify the dire reality of Sudan, only working for his own benefit and of his friends. We have seen how an indifferent or even ethnically speaking aggressive Government can carry out systematic human violations, such as the ones we saw only few months ago in Rwanda, to the indifference of the international community. This dictator is a danger to his nation and to Egypt.
With all this in mind... I urge you to propose plans to eliminate the threat to national security the situation in Sudan represents."